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David Sugar :: Blog :: The four human freedoms

September 10, 2009

As a few were asking about my recent activity and why I am proposing there are four basic human freedoms to form the civil basis of any free nation, so I will explain this further. This is part of an effort to propose an entirely new kind of constitution for an existing nation.  Of course, I know some reading this would have expected I would choose to reference the traditions of the Haudensaunee great law of peace, for which the U.S. constitution is partially based. However, in both understanding the failures of the U.S. constitution, and the very mixed social and cultural heritages of the population, I thought it essential to consider a simpler and different approach.

Hence, the first article is called "the freedom of the people", for which the four freedoms are meant to define.  The remaining articles would include responsibilities of government, the administrative form of government (these are deliberately separated), definition of voluntary citizenship, and ratification.  These may be written about elsewhere, but I thought it essential to introduce the freedom of the people at the opening of such a document (and hence also choose to introduce it first as I consider it by far the most important part of such a document), rather than as some addendum of miscellaneous amendments offered as a kind of afterthought. This article is annoted with some guidance of intented meaning.

Article I, The Freedom of the People

There is the freedom to live. (With this comes freedom from genocide and freedom from cruel and unusual punishment and torture, etc)

There is the freedom to think.  (With this comes the freedom to learn and share knowledge, freedom of access to education, freedom of religion and belief and hence also freedom from assimilation, etc)

There is the freedom to relate.  (With this comes ideas like freedom of speech, freedom of expression, freedom of press, freedom to associate, freedom to make relatives (Hunkapi), etc)

Finally, there is the freedom to be left alone. (With this comes essential ideas like privacy, freedom from unreasonable search and seizure, freedom from self incrimination, etc)

Keywords: american indian, constitution, freedom, human dignity, lakotah nation

Posted by David Sugar


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